An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors
Valens (316 A.D.)
Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Salve Regina University
As soon as the Emperor Licinius realized that the cease-fire of 314 between him and the Emperor Constantine wou ld soon be abrogated, he appointed Aurelius Valerius Valens as his fellow Augustus probably during the opening days of December 316. He may have taken this action to make it clear to his brother-in-law that he was severing relations with him. The new Augustus had formerly been dux limitis in Dacia. When Licinius surrendered to Constantine on 1 March 317 after being defeated at Campus Ardiensis, the defeated emperor was forced to depose and to execute his newly appointed colleague.
Barnes, T.D., New Empire of Diocletian and Constantine, (Cambridge, 1982), 15.
Bruun, Patrick. Roman Imperial Coinage 7: Constantine and Licinius A.D. 313-337. (London, 1966), 644, nr.7 and 706, nr. 19.
Carson, R.A.G. "The Geneva Forgeries." NC 18(1958): 47ff.
DiMaio, Michael, Jörn Zeuge, and Jane Bethune. "The Proelium Cibalense et Proelium Campi Ardiensis: The First Civil War of Constantine I and Licinius I." AncW: 21(1990): 67ff.
Ensslin, W. "Valens (7)." RE 7.A.2: col. 2138ff.
Jones, A.H.M., J.R. Martindale, and J. Morris. "Aur. Val. Valens 13." The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Cambridge, 1971, 1.931.
Kienast, Dietmar, Römische Kaisertabelle: Grundzüge einer römischen Kaiserchronologie, (Darmstadt, 1990), 292-293.
König, I., Origo Constantini: Anonymus Valesianus, (Trier, 1987), 126ff.
Copyright (C) 1996, Michael DiMaio. This file may be copied on the condition that the entire contents, including the header and this copyright notice, remain intact.
Comments to: Michael DiMaio, Jr.
Updated: 15 November 1996
For more detailed geographical information, please use the DIR/ORBAntique and Medieval Atlas below. Click on the appropriate part of the map below to access large area maps.
Return to the Imperial Index